The 5 Types of Skiing


When it comes to skiing, in simple words, it’s an art or sport of sliding and jumping on skis.

Skiing is a spare time activity as well as a competitive sport. The skier attaches long skis, also called runners to boots that are specially designed for the activity and uses them to travel on top of the snow. Skiers use both skis and poles to manage their actions and control their speed and direction.

Skiing is not responsible only for improving overall happiness and well-being, but it is beneficial to a person’s physical and mental health, despite the frequency or interval of the activity. It Increases cardiovascular endurance. As an aerobic endurance activity, an individual can also burn calories and lose weight with the help of skiing. Some accessories are associated with the activity like ski boots, ski poles, ski helmets, ski jackets and pants, ski socks, and gloves or mittens. And these accessories are affordable under the great opportunity to grab coupons for big discounted rates.

Types of skiing:

  • Downhill Skiing

Downhill skiing is the activity of sliding down on slopes covered with snow on skis with fixed-heel bindings, unlike other types of skiing, in which skis are used with free-heel bindings. Whether for pastime or game, skiers usually practice it at ski resorts, which are perfect as they provide such services as ski lifts, artificial snowmaking, snow grooming, restaurants, and ski patrol.

  • Backcountry Skiing

Off-piste, alpine touring, or out-of-area is another name of Backcountry skiing. It is practiced in the backcountry on unmarked or undefended areas, either within or outside a ski resort’s limits. The factor of danger is always there in Skiing in the backcountry for a variety of reasons. For instance, there is a chance of getting lost, getting stuck in a snowstorm, or being caught in an avalanche, as well as many other reasons.

  • Telemark Skiing

Elements of Alpine and Nordic skiing are combined to form a technique which is known as Telemark skiing. It is named after the Telemark region of Norway, where the discipline originated.  Sondre Norheim also introduced side cuts to skis and heel bindings.

  • Ski Mountaineering

Ski mountaineering is a skiing regulation that includes climbing mountains either on skis or carrying them, resting on the steepness of the incline, and then descending on skis. There are two major classifications of equipment used, free-heel Telemark skis and skis based on Alpine skis, where the heel is free for climbing but is fixed during descent. The discipline may be practiced as a hobby. 

Competitive ski mountaineering is a racing event that follows a reputable track through challenging winter alpine land while passing through a series of checkpoints.

  • Freestyle Skiing

Freestyle skiing is a skiing discipline that consists of aerials, moguls, cross, half-pipe, slope style, and big air as an element of the Winter Olympics. A skier performing aerial flips and spins and skiers sliding rails and boxes on their skis can be included.

Forms of Freestyle Ski

  1. Aerialists ski off 2-4 meter jumps that drive them up to 6 meters in the air. Once in the air, aerialists execute multiple flips and twists before landing.
  2. The snow is pushed into mounds or piles by the skiers as they carry out short-radius turns. Moguls can also be formed consciously by piling mounds of snow.
  3. In Half-pipe skiing, the skiers are supposed to ride snow skis on a half-pipe. Competitors slowly ski to the end of the pipe flips, and tricks are involved. 
  4. Ski cross is based on the snowboarding boarder cross. As it is a timed racing event, but still considered part of freestyle skiing because it includes land features traditionally found in freestyle. 
  5. In slope style, athletes ski or snowboard down a course including multiple obstacles, including rails, jumps, and other terrain park features. Points are scored for amplitude, originality, and quality of tricks.