A promising branch of engineering with good career prospects is civil engineering. Civil engineering is considered to be one of the oldest specializations in engineering and there are different types of civil engineer jobs, right from planning, implementation to designing and construction. Let us know in this article job prospects of a civil engineer.
Role of a civil engineer
A civil engineer is assigned the role of supervision, design, construction and analyzing projects related to civil works like as construction of road, bridges, dams, canals, highways, bridges, sewages and so on. It can be considered a highly rewarding job as construction of all buildings and structures, including the landmarks of a city, is not possible without the help of a civil engineer.
So, the role in civil engineer jobs is wide and varied:
- As a civil engineer, you can be involved in designing and if you know to use civil engineering software like as AutoCAD, Staad Pro, AutoTum, and TopoCAD, there are more chances of employment.
- You can be involved in construction, in execution of mega projects like as road and industrial construction or real estate project.
- Planning is another job role of a civil engineer, where he or she is assigned the complete project management role, right from planning to construction to maintenance of structures. Planning civil engineer jobs are widely demanded in construction companies.
- Some civil engineers can also take the role of a consultant for a complete supervision of a construction project.
Different branches of civil engineering
Civil engineering as a branch of core engineering has many other sub-branches like as follows:
- Construction Engineering
- Structural Engineering
- Transportation Engineer
- Water Resource Engineering
- Surveying Engineering
- GeoTechnical Engineering
- Environmental Engineering
- Municipal Engineering etc.
Accordingly, you can apply for civil engineer jobs in India as per your specialization.
Job prospects in various industries
As a civil engineer graduate, civil engineer jobs can be applied for in different industries and sectors like as power, energy, real estate, construction transportation, defense force, railways and so on. Job opportunities are available in both public and private companies. As a Fresher, a civil engineer graduate can earn up to 4 lakh per annum. With experience and expertise, more and more better opportunities are available.
Some of the top companies in India that hire civil engineer graduates
- Private sector: Jaypee Group, Gammon India Ltd., Punj LLoyd Group, Hindustan Construction Company (HCC), Balaji Railroad Systems Ltd, L&T, DLF, Godrej Properties.
- Public sector: In the Public Sector, the prominent names include ONGC, HAL, GAIL, SAIL, NTPC, BHEL, IOCL, ISRO etc.
What to do after civil engineering graduation?
After completion of your Bachelors in civil engineering, you can do any of the following:
- Do your M Tech and then can join in academics or research work
- Apply for civil engineer jobs as a graduate and start working in government departments, Public Sector Units (PSUs), Private companies, MNCs. For PSUs, candidates with GATE scores are eligible.
- You can appear for State Graduate and Technical Entrance Exams or State Public Services Exam for government jobs
- You can also prepare and appear for UPSC Examinations, IES (Indian Engineering Services), CRPF (Central Reserve Police Force) exam for better civil engineer jobs to work under the Central Government
- If interested, you can also join India army, Indian air force or Indian navy under different technical entry schemes.
For better job prospects
Nowadays, most employers look for additional skills along with qualification for civil engineer jobs. So, if you have Project Management skills, if you know Visual Basic (VB), Engineering Design, MS Project, knowledge on Primavera and other civil engineering software, there are better job prospects for a civil engineer. It is also seen that compared to other branches of engineering, civil engineering is one branch which has lesser unemployment rate. This means that civil engineer jobs are available in the country as there is no end to construction and developmental works in India. Hence, the scope of civil engineering is bright in India.